For affirmative action's strongest supporters, explaining the new harshness in the policy's politics is a matter of going back to the beginning. They point out that affirmative action was never supposed to be painless. Making room for groups that have historically suffered discrimination means that the very group that did not suffer—white males—now has to do so. This can be characterized as the sins-of-the-fathers argument, illustrated in a 1995 briefing paper from the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU): "[W]hile it's true that white males in any given era may not all have been responsible for excluding people of color and women, all white males have benefited unjustly from that historical exclusion … [thus enjoying] privileged status and an unfair advantage." This position is supported by statistics: in 1995 white males held nearly 95 percent of senior management positions in major corporations, earned 25 to 45 percent more than women and minorities, and held well over 80 percent of the seats in Congress. On the other hand, from 1973 to 1993, black poverty increased from to percent. Without doubt, discrimination continues; from the perspective of supporters of affirmative action, the sins of the fathers are far from paid for.
Additionally, the Veterans Employment and Training Service (VETS) require federal contractors to submit the VETS-4212 report annually. These reports include information on the number of Veterans employed and hired at each establishment, reported by EEO-1 category and Veteran status. OFCCP routinely requests a copy of these reports as part of their compliance review of federal contractors.
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Thomas’s opposition to affirmative action is not new, but it has been called into question by some who argue that he was the beneficiary of a subtler form of affirmative action , specifically noting that he did not necessarily have the typical resumé of a Supreme Court justice when he was nominated.
Tata Motors also aims to nurture the spirit of entrepreneurship in the SC/ST community.
· The case challenged a part of the admission program at the University of Texas at Austin that takes race and ethnicity into account.