By contrast, . Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote strongly that the better approach was the “coercion test.” In Lee v. Weisman he wrote that unless government coerces people to support or participate in religion against their will, the religious clauses are not violated. That view, explained in a 1992 case about prayer at graduation ceremonies, would allow for a closer collaboration between government and religion than might otherwise be permitted under O’Connor’s idea or the idea that schools must be “neutral.”
As these more recent conflicts show, public schools remain a battlefield where the religious interests of parents, students, administrators and teachers often clash. The conflicts affect classroom curricula, high school football games, student clubs, graduation ceremonies – and the lives of everyone with an interest in public education.
Among the religions that originated in India , including Hinduism , Buddhism , Jainism and Sikhism , teachings regarding homosexuality are less clear than among the Abrahamic traditions, and religious authorities voice diverse opinions. In 2005, an authority figure of Sikhism condemned same-sex marriage and the practice of homosexuality. However, many people in Sikhism do not oppose gay marriage.  Hinduism is diverse, with no supreme governing body, but the majority of swamis opposed same-sex relationships in a 2004 survey, and a minority supported them.  Ancient religious texts such as the Vedas often refer to people of a third gender known as hijra , who are neither female nor male. Some see this third gender as an ancient parallel to modern western lesbian , gay , bisexual , transgender and intersex identities.
“Such exposure to anatomical differences between the sexes should not be forced upon students. These sensitive matters should be disclosed at home when parents deem it appropriate, not forced on kids in school facilities.”
Copyright © 2017 · National Coalition Against Censorship | 19 Fulton Street, Suite 407, New York, NY 10038
tel: (212) 807-6222 | fax: (212) 807-6245 | e-mail: [email protected]