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The majority of the literature on the epidemiological transition that was published since these seminal papers confirms the context-specific nature of the epidemiological transition: while there is an overall all-cause mortality decline, the nature of cause-specific mortality declines differs across contexts. Increasing obesity rates in high-income countries are further confirming the epidemiological transition theory as the epidemic leads to an increase in NCDs. The picture is more nuanced in low- and middle-income countries, where there are signs of a protracted transition with the double burden of communicable and noncommunicable disease. A recent review of cause-specific mortality rates from 12 low- and middle-income countries in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa by Santosa and Byass (2016) shows that broadly, low- and middle-income countries are rapidly transitioning to lower total mortality and lower infectious disease mortality.  A more macro-level analysis from the Global Burden of Disease data conducted by Murray and others (2015) finds that while there is a global trend towards decreasing mortality and increasing NCD prevalence, this global trend is being driven by country-specific effects as opposed to a broader transition; further, there are varying patterns within and between countries, which makes it difficult to have a single unified theory of epidemiological transition. 
The Workshop and Training will cover important topics like epidemiology, burden and impact, determinants, role of health promotion, evidence based public health interventions, multi-sectoral actions, cancer registration and cancer control, surveillance, research priorities, monitoring, evaluation and measuring cost effectiveness of interventions in the field of Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases. It will also cover National Non-Communicable Diseases Programms, roadmap and challenges for integration within different NCDs and addressing co-morbidity with communicable diseases.