A review looking at routine ultrasounds past 24 weeks found that there is no evidence to show any benefits to the mother or the baby. 
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Evidence suggests that in utero cocaine exposure leads to problems with behavior and sustained attention , possibly by affecting parts of the brain that are vulnerable to toxins during fetal development.  School-age PCE children have been found to have trouble regulating their behavior and sustaining their attention.  Children who had been exposed to high levels of cocaine in utero show poorer behavioral inhibition than those with lower levels of exposure or unexposed children.  The changes in behavior and attention caused by PCE are measurable by standardized scales;  however these behavioral effects seem to be mild.  Children exposed to cocaine in the first trimester are less sociable, more withdrawn, and show more anxious and depressed behaviors.  Those exposed to higher doses of cocaine have been reported to show aggressive and disruptive behaviors.  PCE girls are seven times more likely to have delinquent behavioral problems, but PCE boys are no more likely than other boys.  Studies from the 2000s and 2010s are conflicted on whether PCE adolescents are at greater risk for use of drugs such as cocaine, alcohol, and marijuana.  A 2010 study found that PCE adolescent girls were more likely to suffer anxiety than their non-exposed peers. 
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